Newborn Baby Care

Taking Care of a Child at Home After Birth: What Families Need To Do?

This flip book contains the key messages that pregnant women and their families need to plan childcare at home immediately after birth. It focuses on essential actions families can take both to prevent neonatal death and disease, and to promote healthy newborn development. Ideally, a skilled attendant should help every birth and mothers and babies have access to emergency care in health services. Although reaching this goal, around 60 million births in developing countries still occur at home without skilled care, contributing heavily to the total mothers’ and babies’ deaths. All newborns require the necessary newborn care to reduce their risk of disease and increase their growth and development. Heat, normal breathing, mother’s milk, and infection prevention are the basic needs of a normal baby care at birth. These basic needs indicate that a child’s survival is entirely dependent on his or her mother and other caregivers. Therefore it is important to provide proper care to all newborns immediately after birth. This care can also prevent many newborn emergencies.

Care of newborn babies includes:

  • Immediate and thorough drying,
  • Contact with the newborn’s skin with the mother
  • Cord clamping and cutting after the first minute after birth,
  • Early initiation of breastfeeding, and exclusive breastfeeding

Babies that do not begin breathing on their own one minute after birth should be given positive pressure ventilation with room air by self-inflating bags and masks. After the first hour of life, newborns should receive eye care, vitamin K, and recommended vaccinations. They should be evaluated for signs of birth weight, gestational age, congenital defects, and neonatal disease. Special care should be provided for sick newborns that are already and/or are of low birth weight, and who are infected or infected with HIV or have congenital syphilis.

Helping your child grow from Birth to 5 years

Children learn how to better cope with stressful situations later in life if they are exposed to love and encouragement during childhood, free from angry exchanges and threatening behavior.

3 months from birth

Your child’s brain has been developing since the time they were born, and how it grows depends on the signals received as they begin to identify and learn from their environment. Babies communicate with sounds and crying. Answering their call for attention encourages the bond between your child and you, and sets them up for a healthy adult relationship. It is safe to place your baby care on their stomach when they are awake and you are with them.

3 to 9 Months

By now your child is recognizing and learning from the person who is giving them the most caring and loving attention. They will learn to roll, move in a sitting position and how to pull their body to a standing position while strengthening. By 6 months, your baby will start eating solid food and it’s time to establish good eating habits. The nutrition your child receives will set them up for a life of good health. Your child will be making more noise and be interested in things they can hold in their hands.

9 to 18 months

Your child will be curious about everything and will be able to crawl and then start walking and exploring. You will see that they test most discoveries by putting them in their mouths. Your child can now recognize their name and will need cuddles and attention as they learn to interact with other people and their environment. They like to make noise, and simple drums and shakers will provide them with low-cost toys. Filling and emptying containers and crawling games around the house are fun things for a child at this age.

1 to 2 years

Singing and talking with your child will help for baby care them learn to talk and begin learning how to take turns and share with other people. Children include singing, music, and dancing inside the game. Walking outside and doing work in the garden are also fun learning activities. Reading books, looking at pictures and playing dress-up will all develop their reading and storytelling skills. Cardboard boxes of any shape and size can be converted into toys and cub houses.

2 to 4 years

At this age, the best way for your child to learn is to spend time with you, tell stories and teach them how to care for themselves by wearing their own clothes and helping to prepare food. They are also learning about emotions and can get distracted from the game while they are learning how to identify whether they are angry or upset or have behaved unfairly, and how to control themselves.

5 year

Children at this age need to know that they get love and appreciation when they behave well and help around the house. They enjoy role-playing and create their own stories. He likes disguises and masks and can pretend to be his favorite character from what he has seen or read for baby care. Outdoors at this age include playing in the garden and learning about the stories of the natural environment and the land.

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